locate an office

offices near you

office near you

Managing cash: Make sure your assets are well protected

May 8, 2023

Today, choosing where and how to hold your cash reserves is as important as any investment decision.

Recent shocks to the global banking system have made it clear that great care is needed when it comes to selecting a primary banking institution.

Today, it is important to be well informed on wide-ranging topics, such as the strength of a financial institution’s balance sheet, the effectiveness of the cybersecurity protections it provides, and the quality of the advice and services it offers. The rate of interest you earn on your money is only part of the equation.

Here is where we recommend focusing your attention as you evaluate the long-term security of your assets and where you entrust your wealth.

What are the limits of government protection?

Following recent market volatility and uncertainties around the banking industry, questions have arisen regarding the extent of federal government protections for deposit accounts.

U.S. deposit accounts are protected by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) for up to $250,000 per each depositor per account category if it is held at an insured bank. Common account categories include single/individual accounts, joint accounts, IRAs and revocable trust accounts. Keep in mind:

  • If you maintain multiple accounts of the same type (two or more deposit accounts, for example) at a single bank, the combined deposits are insured up to the standard $250,000 amount
    • The interests of each individual in all joint accounts at the same FDIC-insured depository institution are added together and insured up to $250,000 per individual
  • You do not have to apply for FDIC protection. Coverage is automatically provided for each type of deposit account ownership category1
This table includes examples of FDIC protections for different account types. For an individual checking account with an account total of $750,000, $250,000 is FDIC insured. A joint savings account (with 1 other owner) with an account total of $1,000,000 is FDIC insured up to $500,000 ($250,000 per person). For a trust (2 beneficiaries) with an account total of $1,000,000, $500,000 ($250,000 per beneficiary) is FDIC insured. Combining all three account types, the account total is $2,750,000 and $1,250,000 is FDIC insured.

If your accounts hold more than the standard insured amount, it is the stability/capitalization of the institution where you bank that protects your deposits beyond the FDIC-insured amount.2

Can your bank weather adverse market conditions?

Basel III, an international regulatory accord, introduced a set of reforms to mitigate risk within the global banking sector in the wake of the Great Recession (2008). These tighter regulatory controls and capital requirements require banks to maintain a certain level of capital in the event they would need liquidity. While not fully implemented by all countries signing the pact, these and other new regulations have helped strengthen the global banking system.

While there is enormous complexity to these efforts, three closely watched indicators can help you monitor the fiscal health of your financial institution:

  • Common Equity Tier 1 (CET1) Capital—This is the core capital that a bank holds in its capital structure. Regulators require banks to hold certain levels of Tier 1 and Tier 2 capital as reserves so that they are able to absorb losses without any repercussions. The minimum Tier 1 capital ratio is 6% of the bank’s risk-weighted assets
  • CET1 Ratio—This figure compares a bank’s capital against its risk-weighted assets to determine its ability to withstand financial distress. A low CET1 ratio shows that a bank may not be able to absorb a financial shock. CET1 information can be found in a bank’s public filings; specifically, in its 10-K or 10-Q reports
  • Credit rating—Credit rating assesses the ability of countries and businesses, including financial institutions, around the world to meet their financial commitments. The most common rating agencies are Standard & Poor’s (S&P), Moody’s and Fitch, which evaluate credit ratings based on a letter scale. Each agency’s highest credit rating is either “AAA” or “Aaa,” demonstrating strong reliability and low risk. Ratings are updated on a quarterly basis and posted on each agency’s respective website

How strong are your bank’s investments in cybersecurity protections?

Today, as online banking, investing and payment systems become ever more embedded in the financial lives of people around the world, cyber criminals are finding equally sophisticated ways to insert themselves into the global banking system.

To protect client assets and information as well as their own operations, financial institutions invest heavily in computer systems that not only monitor money movement transactions for fraud, but software, networks, storage devices and other technology assets. Among the notable—and often visible—results of these efforts are multi-factor authentication; rigorous privacy controls; real-time notifications when problems occur; training and educating staff and clients to improve their security postures as new threats emerge.

How much cash do you need to have on hand?

Once you are satisfied with the safety and security of your assets at your core banking institution(s), consider how much liquidity or cash on hand you require day-to-day and longer-term to support your investment strategy.

In uncertain times, it is natural to want to hold on to more cash than you may need so that you have a psychological safety net, perhaps leading you to go beyond having enough liquidity to:

  • Cover operating expenses for yourself and your family
  • Fund large purchases
  • Optimize your portfolio by taking advantage of unexpected opportunities

However, when inflation hits and interest rates rise, holding too much cash can be counterproductive to your goals. As with managing risk in the longer-term investments on your balance sheet, you might diversify and put excess cash to work via:

  • A day-to-day cash management strategy—Checking, savings or money market fund account that gives you ready access to cash
  • Short-term liquidity—Three, six and nine-month certificates of deposit (CDs) or other short-term investments
  • Long-term liquidity—12- or 24-month CDs, short-term investments, or short-duration fixed income

Learn more about how to manage your cash here.

We can help

The safety and security of our clients’ assets are our top priorities. Your J.P. Morgan team can answer any questions you may have about how we protect your accounts. You can also learn more here.

For more information on our cyber and fraud protections, please contact your J.P. Morgan team to schedule a session with our cybersecurity or fraud prevention specialists on how to secure your technology and your financial accounts.

Additional information:

Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Resource

The strength and security of J.P. Morgan


Our Financial Strength3

  • Basel III CET1 Capital Ratio: 13.2%4
  • Credit Rating: Moody’s Investors Service Aa25 | Standard & Poor’s A+5 | Fitch Ratings AA5


1FDIC insurance is limited to these types of accounts: negotiable order of withdrawal (NOW) accounts, savings accounts, money market deposit accounts (MMDAs), time deposits such as certificates of deposit (CDs), cashier's checks, money orders, and other official items issued by a bank. Deposits not covered by the FDIC include securities, mutual funds and similar types of investments, Treasury securities (bills, notes and bonds), and safety deposit boxes or their contents.

2J.P. Morgan Private Bank website, March 23, 2023: The ripple effects of the bank crisis.

3As of December 31, 2022, unless otherwise indicated.

4Represents estimated common equity Tier 1 (“CETl”) capital and ratio under the Basel lll Fully Phased-In capital rules to which the firm will be subject as of December 31, 2022. Common equity Tier 1 (“CETl”) capital, Tier 1 capital, Total capital, risk-weighted assets (“RWA”) and the CETl, Tier 1 capital and total capital ratios and the supplementary leverage ratio (“SLR”) under the Basel lll Fully Phased-In capital rules, to which the firm will be subject commencing December 31, 2022, are considered key regulatory capital measures. These measures are used by management, bank regulators, investors and analysts to assess and monitor the firm’s capital position. For additional information on these measures, see Capital Risk Management on pages 86-96 of the firm’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2022.

5 Long-term issuer rating for JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A.

Contact us to discuss how we can help you experience the full possibility of your wealth.

Please tell us about yourself, and our team will contact you. 

*Required Fields

Contact us to discuss how we can help you experience the full possibility of your wealth.

Please tell us about yourself, and our team will contact you. 

Enter your First Name

> or < are not allowed

Only 40 characters allowed

Enter your Last Name

> or < are not allowed

Only 40 characters allowed

Select your country of residence

Enter valid street address

> or < are not allowed

Only 150 characters allowed

Enter your city

> or < are not allowed

Only 35 characters allowed

Select your state

> or < are not allowed

Enter your ZIP code

Please enter a valid zipcode

> or < are not allowed

Only 10 characters allowed

Enter your postal code

Please enter a valid zipcode

> or < are not allowed

Only 10 characters allowed

Enter your phone number

Tell Us More About You


Only 1000 characters allowed

> or < are not allowed

Checkbox is not selected

Your Recent History

LEARN MORE About Our Firm and Investment Professionals Through FINRA Brokercheck

To learn more about J.P. Morgan’s investment business, including our accounts, products and services, as well as our relationship with you, please review our J.P. Morgan Securities LLC Form CRS and Guide to Investment Services and Brokerage Products


JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. and its affiliates (collectively "JPMCB") offer investment products, which may include bank-managed accounts and custody, as part of its trust and fiduciary services. Other investment products and services, such as brokerage and advisory accounts, are offered through J.P. Morgan Securities LLC ("JPMS"), a member of FINRA and SIPC. Annuities are made available through Chase Insurance Agency, Inc. (CIA), a licensed insurance agency, doing business as Chase Insurance Agency Services, Inc. in Florida. JPMCB, JPMS and CIA are affiliated companies under the common control of JPMorgan Chase & Co. Products not available in all states. Please read the Legal Disclaimer in conjunction with these pages.


Bank deposit products, such as checking, savings and bank lending and related services are offered by JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. Member FDIC. Not a commitment to lend. All extensions of credit are subject to credit approval.